Editorial Policies

Manuscripts are considered with the understanding that the (i) it is not under consideration by another publication or any electronic medium; (ii) no part of the work has been published previously in print or electronic format. Any manuscript that contains any data that have been submitted for publication elsewhere will not be considered under any circumstance.


The corresponding author is responsible for ensuring that all appropriate contributors are listed as authors and that all authors have agreed to the manuscript’s content and its submission to our journals. In a case where we become aware of an authorship dispute, authorship must be approved in writing by all of the parties.

Studies Involving Human Subjects and Animals

For manuscripts reporting studies involving human subjects, statements identifying the committee approving the studies and confirming that informed consent was obtained from all subjects must appear in the appropriate section. All experiments on live vertebrates or higher invertebrates must be performed in accordance with relevant institutional and national guidelines and regulations. In the manuscript, a statement identifying the committee approving the experiments and confirming that all experiments conform to the relevant regulatory standards must be included. 

Informed Consent

Informed consent is required for manuscripts reporting studies involving human subjects. Identifying information, including names, initials, or hospital numbers, should not be published in written descriptions, photographs, or pedigrees unless the information is essential for scientific purposes and the patient (or parent or guardian) gives written informed consent for publication.

Conflict of Interest Policy

Our journals require all authors to disclose any financial and personal conflict of interest that might influence the results or interpretation of their manuscript. Authors must declare any such conflict during the submission process and in the section following author affiliations of the manuscript. The corresponding author will be asked to sign on behalf of all the authors a Conflict of Interest declaration form upon acceptance of their paper. Any affiliation associated with a payment or financial benefit exceeding $10,000, or 5% ownership of a company or research funding by a company with related interests would constitute a conflict and must be declared.

Open Access Policy

Our journals provide immediate open access to its content on the principle that making research freely available to the public supports a greater global exchange of knowledge.